The agro chemicals industry located within the prominent middle east based leading agriculture country is manufacturing pesticides and herbicides for its clientele providing complete crop protection programs to the agriculture industry.

The Problem - Treatment of an agrochemical wastewater plant

  • A representative analysis of their effluent had following characteristics:
  • Up to 12,000 mg/lit COD comprising solvents in it
  • Up to 600 mg/lit inhibitory, active ingredients and its by products
  • 500 to 800 mg/lit Total Kjehldahl Nitrogen (TKN) containing mostly Organic-N associated with slowly hydrolysable s-triazine.
  • Up to 1500 mg/lit Sulphates (SO4-)
  • 10,000 to 25,000 mg/lit Salt Concentration as NaCl
  • Due to their production facilities situated within environmentally sensitive zone, the industry required to treat the effluent to very higher standard achieving COD < 250 ppm and TN < 10 ppm for the effluent discharge.


  • Very high amount of solvents present in the effluent making conventional wet oxidation processes very costly
  • Very high amount of inhibitory toxic substances, higher salinity and which resulted in only 4-60% COD reduction with conventional suspended growth based processes
  • Due to a very wide crop rotation practiced in the region, the products manufactured at the facilities varied a lot causing a large qualitative and quantitative fluctuations in the effluent composition and load received at the treatment facilities.


  • During our extensive pilot testing and R & D for the project spanning over two years period, it was found that:
  • A combination of Anaerobic and Aerobic process provides better performance compared to Aerobic only step due to hydrolysis of toxic organics during anaerobic steps
  • Immobilization of micro organisms using Levapor carriers offer higher process performance and remarkable process stability with very high level of nitrification and denitrification despite presence of toxic inhibitory active agro chemicals in the effluent.


Based on our results achieved during pilot, a full scale biological process comprising micro aerobic pre treatment followed by Anaerobic treatment and classic anoxic-Aerobic process configuration for nitrification and denitrification was offered using Levapor carriers.


During the full scale operation, it was found that contribution of Anaerobic Step using Levapor carriers was crucial to the biodegradation of complex molecules providing very high amount of overall COD reduction

Treatment of an agrochemical wastewater

Table 1. Biological removal of solvents, single chemicals and herbicides by immobilized special biomass in the microaerobic-anaerobic(MAE+ANA) and aerobic(AER) treatment step

LEVAPOR Technology Advantages

  • The implementation of Micro Aerobic-Anaerobic-PreDenitrification-Nitrification treatment steps for the Agro Chemicals effluent offered following benefits:
  • Complete removal of Solvents, amines, MIBK, Triazines from the effluent
  • Stable Anaerobic and Nitrification processes achieving 85-93 % COD reduction
  • Remarkable nitrogen removal achieving lowest level of ammonical nitrogen and nitrates in the effluent eliminating TKN concentrations in the range of 300-800 mg/lit
  • Lower energy consumption and sludge production
  • For your specific effluent generated from agro chemicals industry, We can provide you optimum solution meeting the stringent discharge standards.